Consistent with Hdos, coeducational school students reported having higher percentages of other-gender friends (p < .00step one, d = .53) and other-gender close friends (p < .001, d = .26) than single-sex school students. 012, d = .11). There was no main effect of student gender in the percentage of other-gender close friends. Supporting H4, there was no interaction effect with student gender.
Consistent with H3, compared to coeducational school students, single-sex school students reported higher levels of total mixed-gender anxiety, p = .001, d = .15, Fear of Negative Evaluation, p = .00cuatro, d = .13, Social Distress in Potential Romantic Relationship, p = .012, d = .11, and Social Distress in Mixed-gender Groups, p < .001, d = .16, even when students' demographic characteristics were controlled for. There were also main effects of student gender, with male students reporting more total mixed-gender anxiety, p = .001, d = .15, more Fear of Negative Evaluation, p < .001, d = .20, and more Social Distress in Potential Romantic Relationship, p = .005, d = .13, than female students. Supporting H4, there was no interaction effect with student gender.
Mediation analyses using 10,000 bootstrap samples were conducted by the SPSS macro PROCESS to test whether the association between single-gender schooling (X) and students‘ mixed-gender anxiety took place through the mediators (M), gender salience and/or mixed-gender friendships. Separate analyses were conducted for the different forms of mixed-gender anxiety as the dependent variable (Y). Monthly family income, parental education, parental age, student age, school banding, number of brothers and number of sisters were entered as covariates. Gender salience and mixed-gender friendships entered the mediation model as two simultaneous mediators (see Fig 1 for the generic mediation model and Table 5 for the results). There were significant indirect effects (i.e., mediation) of percentage of other-gender friends on all forms of mixed-gender anxiety, supporting H7. There were also significant indirect effects of percentage of other-gender https://datingmentor.org/nl/asiandating-overzicht/ close friends on all forms of mixed-gender anxiety except for Fear of Negative Evaluation. However, contrary to H6, gender salience had no significant indirect effects on mixed-gender anxiety.
In the mediation model, a1b1 denotes the indirect effect (i.e., mediation) of gender salience, a2b2 denotes the indirect effect of mixed-gender friendships, and c‘ denotes the direct effect of school type on mixed-gender anxiety.
a Model 1: X = School type (CE = 0, SS = 1); M1 = Gender salience, M2 = Percentage of other-gender friends; Y = Mixed-gender anxiety.
b Model 2: X = School type (CE = 0, SS = 1); M1 = Gender salience, M2 = Percentage of other-gender close friends; Y = Mixed-gender anxiety.
c In mediation models, the entire feeling is the association between the established adjustable (Y) plus the separate adjustable (X), the spot where the indirect perception means brand new association mediated by mediator (M) in addition to lead perception suggests the rest association in the event that intermediary is taken away. Coefficients have been computed with standard philosophy off gender salience, mixed-intercourse anxiety and portion of other-intercourse family unit members and you will close friends. College or university type was not standardized because it is an excellent dichotomous variable.
To look at if the advice away from mediation effects try reversible, i and additionally checked out solution mediation activities (see Figure An excellent within the S1 File), having blended-sex nervousness because the mediator and you can combined-gender friendships while the depending varying. College or university form of try always set-to become independent variable while the it actually was already repaired until the measurements of combined-intercourse nervousness and mixed-sex friendships. Outcome of the contrary mediation analyses (get a hold of Table C when you look at the S1 Document) showed that there are extreme indirect results of every types of mixed-intercourse anxiety into the percentages out-of other-intercourse family relations or any other-gender close friends.